Update FreeBSD

Apr 15, 2021
3 min read
Dec 5, 2023 08:57 EET

With freebsd-update

If you get the error message:

Looking up update.FreeBSD.org mirrors... 5 mirrors found.
Fetching public key from update2.freebsd.org... failed.
Fetching public key from update5.freebsd.org... failed.
Fetching public key from update4.freebsd.org... failed.
Fetching public key from update3.freebsd.org... failed.
Fetching public key from update6.freebsd.org... failed.
No mirrors remaining, giving up.

Execute the following:

setenv UNAME_r "9.2-RELEASE"
freebsd-update fetch
freebsd-update install

Upgrade to FreeBSD Version 10

Make a backup of folder etc:

cd /
tar cjvf etc.tar.bz2 etc

Upgrade will be done using freebsd-update. At first we make a beadm snapshot, so we can rollback in case something bad happened:

beadm create 20181214_freebsd12
beadm create 20210415_freebsd122
beadm create 20210415_freebsd130
beadm create 20220528_freebsd131

Now we start with the upgrade:

freebsd-update -r 10.1-RELEASE upgrade
freebsd-update -r 10.2-RELEASE upgrade
freebsd-update -r 10.3-RELEASE upgrade
# : > /usr/bin/bspatch (only required if your update to FreeBSD 11, make sure you execute it before you start with the upgrade)
freebsd-update upgrade -r 11.0-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 11.1-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 11.2-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 12.0-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 12.1-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 12.2-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 13.0-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 13.1-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 13.2-RELEASE
freebsd-update upgrade -r 14.0-RELEASE
freebsd-update install
# nextboot -k GENERIC
freebsd-update install
# check that config files in etc are correct!
# Make sure you point pkg repo definition to correct FreeBSD version
pkg update -f
pkg-static install -f pkg
pkg-static upgrade -F -y
pkg upgrade -f -y
freebsd-update install

Check automatically for Patches

Add to /etc/crontab:

0       3       *       *       *       root /usr/sbin/freebsd-update cron

Custom Kernel

Make sure you install your custom kernel not as kernel. You have been warned! freebsd-update will overwrite it, even if you have /boot/GERNERIC in place!

Add the following line:


Get the new realtek card working used with intel skylake apply the following patch:

--- /usr/src/sys/dev/re/if_re.c.orig    2015-12-05 13:55:25.692456174 +0000
+++ /usr/src/sys/dev/re/if_re.c 2015-12-07 10:54:35.952128971 +0000
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@
        { RT_VENDORID, RT_DEVICEID_8101E, 0,
            "RealTek 810xE PCIe 10/100baseTX" },
        { RT_VENDORID, RT_DEVICEID_8168, 0,
-           "RealTek 8168/8111 B/C/CP/D/DP/E/F/G PCIe Gigabit Ethernet" },
+           "RealTek 8168/8111 B/C/CP/D/DP/E/F/G/H PCIe Gigabit Ethernet" },
        { RT_VENDORID, RT_DEVICEID_8169, 0,
            "RealTek 8169/8169S/8169SB(L)/8110S/8110SB(L) Gigabit Ethernet" },
        { RT_VENDORID, RT_DEVICEID_8169SC, 0,
@@ -237,6 +237,7 @@
        { RL_HWREV_8168F, RL_8169, "8168F/8111F", RL_JUMBO_MTU_9K},
        { RL_HWREV_8168G, RL_8169, "8168G/8111G", RL_JUMBO_MTU_9K},
        { RL_HWREV_8168GU, RL_8169, "8168GU/8111GU", RL_JUMBO_MTU_9K},
+       { RL_HWREV_8168H, RL_8169, "8168H/8111H", RL_JUMBO_MTU_9K},
        { RL_HWREV_8411, RL_8169, "8411", RL_JUMBO_MTU_9K},
        { RL_HWREV_8411B, RL_8169, "8411B", RL_JUMBO_MTU_9K},
        { 0, 0, NULL, 0 }
@@ -1483,6 +1484,7 @@
        case RL_HWREV_8168EP:
        case RL_HWREV_8168G:
+       case RL_HWREV_8168H:
        case RL_HWREV_8411B:
                sc->rl_flags |= RL_FLAG_PHYWAKE | RL_FLAG_PAR |

--- /usr/src/sys/pci/if_rlreg.h.orig    2015-12-05 14:11:15.773204293 +0000
+++ /usr/src/sys/pci/if_rlreg.h 2015-12-05 15:29:56.277653413 +0000
@@ -195,6 +195,7 @@
 #define        RL_HWREV_8168G          0x4C000000
 #define        RL_HWREV_8168EP         0x50000000
 #define        RL_HWREV_8168GU         0x50800000
+#define        RL_HWREV_8168H          0x54000000
 #define        RL_HWREV_8411B          0x5C800000
 #define        RL_HWREV_8139           0x60000000
 #define        RL_HWREV_8139A          0x70000000

To update the custom kernel:

cd /usr/src
make kernel-toolchain

Source Update

mv /usr/src /usr/src.old
svnlite co https://svn0.eu.freebsd.org/base/stable/10 /usr/src

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